A holistic and systematic assessment and treatment process will assess the following areas of development according to age appropriate norms and how a child performs in all relevant areas of their lives.
- Sensory Processing and Regulation:
This refers to the ability to perceive, interpret and respond appropriately to sensory information and impacts on the ability to cope with daily routines
- Concentration and Auditory Processing:
This relates to the ability to focus and participate in a variety of situations as well as the ability to make sense of and respond appropriately to what is heard, for example, to be able to follow instructions.
- Gross Motor Ability and Control:
Here the occupational therapist evaluates the child’s ability to smoothly coordinate, time and plan a variety of familiar and unfamiliar gross motor activities. Core stability, endurance and strength are also assessed.
- Fine Motor Ability and Control:
This includes aspects such as pencil grip and control as well as neatness and speed of cutting, writing and colouring. Tool manipulation and the coordinated use of both hands are evaluated.
Perceptual abilities refers to being able to visually manipulate information such as building puzzles, understanding that a circle and sphere are both round as is a tin, a ball, a fan etc. These skills form part of the foundation for learning to read and write.
This applies to various characteristics such as confidence, frustration or anxiety levels as well as participation, imaginary play and following a routine.
- Activities of Daily Living:
The child’s ability to dress or feed themselves as well as toilet routines is assessed. Sleep routines are also considered as is the child’s involvement and ability to cope at school (preschool or primary) and academics.
*Please note that this list is not exhaustive and that some signs be present in children that do not display affected development while others may be present in children who do not have a Sensory Integrative Disorder.