Most children develop in a typical manner. When they move or play, they automatically develop their senses and motor skills. However, in some children, their development is delayed or follows an atypical pattern for various reasons. These children would require additional assistance to develop the correct muscle usage and therefore appropriate motor milestones.
The child with low tone has muscles that are slow to initiate a muscle contraction, contract very slowly in response to a stimulus, and cannot maintain a contraction for as long as his peers. This can often associated with hyper flexibility and hypermobility of the joints.
Any significant lag in a child’s physical, cognitive, behavioral, emotional, or social development, in comparison with norms. This is when a child has difficulties in reaching age appropriate milestones.
Children born prior to 40 weeks gestation. Intervention is best as early as possible, though therapy is still beneficial when the child is older.
- Genetic Conditions/Syndromes
A disorderor condition caused by an absent or defective gene or by a chromosomal aberration. For example Cystic Fibrosis or Down Syndrome.
- Congenital Conditions/ Complications
Conditions resulting from problems during pregnancy or at birth. For example Congenital Torticollis or Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
- Orthopaedic/Musculoskeletal Conditions
Conditions affecting the skeleton, muscles and connective tissue system. For example Muscular Dystrophy or Dislocation/Fractures.
Disorders or conditions associated with an undeveloped or injured nervous system – central and peripheral (brain or spinal cord injury), resulting in physical and cognitive challenges. For example Cerebral Palsy or Traumatic Brain Injury.
- Coordination & Balance Disorders
Children who struggle with tasks requiring complex weight shifts and coordinated movements, often told they are ‘clumsy’; can include neurological reasons. For example Developmental Coordination Disorder or Dyspraxia.
Conditions affecting the lungs and breathing ability. For example Asthma or RSV.
Concerns regarding habitual sitting and standing posture; slouching; leaning; lethargy; low endurance. For example Scoliosis.
Conditions presenting with chronic inflammation and/or rheumatologic markers. For example Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis or Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome.